Strict management of weight (Body Mass Index [BMI]), blood pressure, and cholesterol levels along with a healthy diet and regular exercise, can reduce your risk of diabetes and heart disease. More importantly, it minimizes your chances of premature death.
Suggested guidelines for adults:
What Is a Healthy BMI? A person with a BMI of 24 or less is considered to be an ideal weight.
Body Mass Index (BMI), Kg/M2
|Height (feet, inches)|
A person with a BMI of 25-29.9 is considered to be overweight. Individuals, who fall into the BMI range of 25 to 34.9, and have a waist size of over 40 inches for men and 35 inches for women, are considered to be at especially high risk for obesity-related health problems; such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. A BMI over 40 indicates that a person is morbidly obese. This can increases a person's risk of death from any cause by 50%-150%.
To personally calculate your own BMI, take your weight (lbs) x 750 and divide that number twice by your height (inches).
High blood pressure: about 34% of blacks are afflicted, compared with 29% of whites and 21% of Mexican-Americans. These represent increases between 3% and 5% of previous findings. Black women are especially vulnerable, with 36% of those surveyed having high blood pressure, a boost of 7% from previous findings. Non-Hispanic black women had the highest increase.
Suggestions; start low sodium, no added salt diet. Participate in daily aerobic exercise to reduce weight, emotional stress and improve cardiac conditioning. If blood pressure readings are above 120/80, please see your health care provider for antihypertensive therapy.
Suggestions; if levels are normal have a fasting lipid profile at least once every five years. Monitor more frequently if any of the above levels are abnormal. Speak to your health care provider about possible medication (HMG-coAs/statins & niacin) and supplements (olive & fish oil, garlic, Co-Q10 & antioxidants) that may be prescribed to help maintain a healthy heart and normal lipid levels.
new FDA nutrition labels regarding trans fats. Avoid consumption of trans
fatty acids and partially/hydrogenated oils in your diet (typically found
in snack food)
For further information and more suggestions about reducing your risk for heart disease, please feel free to contact: NPDee@aol.com.
Parent, click here to view an article on the importance of halting the rising epidemic of raising obese children.